ASC accomplished the annual flight recorder installation survey on 24th August, 2018. This survey included 18 operators - China Airlines, EVA Airways, UNI Airways, Far Eastern Air Transport, Mandarin Airlines, Tigerair Taiwan, Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation, Daily Air, Emerald Pacific Airlines, ROC Aviation Company, Great Wing Airline, Winair Jet, Executive Aviation Taiwan Corp., Avanti Aviation, APEX Flight Academy, Skyrainbow Airlines, Hug Cloud Flying Media and Lu-Shi Management Consultant Co. Ltd., three government agencies - National Airborne Service Corps., Civil Aeronautics Administration, Taitung County Government and one academy - Asia-Pacific Institute of Creativity.
According to the responses from all these agencies and except hot air balloons, there are a total of 274 aircraft including 250 fixed-wings and 24 helicopters. Out of these, 256 are civil aircraft （249 fixed-wings and 7 helicopters） and 18 are public aircraft （1 fixed-wing and 17 helicopters）.
The results are classified as findings from statistics related to civil operators, findings from statistics related to civil helicopters and balloons installed with portable GPS and LWR, findings from statistics related to public aircraft installed with flight recorder and portable GPS, and findings from FOQA statistics related to civil operators as follows.
I. Findings from statistics related to civil operators:
- No civil aircraft still installs tape-based flight recorders;
- Figure 1 shows the statistics of civil fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters:
- The proportion of the civil aircraft with CVR and FDR installation are 94.9% and 93.8% respectively;
- The proportion of the civil aircraft that has 30-min solid-state CVR and 120-min solid-state CVR installed are 2.7% and 92.2% respectively.
- i.The proportion of the civil fixed-wing aircraft with CVR and FDR installation are 95.6% and 95.2% respectively;
- ii.The proportion of the civil fixed-wing aircraft that has 30-min solid-state CVR and 120-min solid-state CVR installed are 2.8% and 92.8% respectively.
- i.There are 7 civil helicopters, 5 of which are equipped with CVR, and 3 of which are equipped with FDR.
- ii.The proportion of the civil helicopter installed with CVR and FDR are 71.4% and 42.9% respectively.
II. Findings from statistics related to civil helicopters and balloons installed with portable GPS and LWR:
- There are 7 civil helicopters, none of them are equipped with a portable GPS; two Bell 206B are equipped with a LWR, the proportion of LWR installation is 28.6%.
- There are 19 registered balloons in Taiwan. The Taitung County Government owns seven, Hug Cloud Flying Media owns two, Skyrainbow Airlines owns seven, Lu-Shi Management Consultant Co. Ltd. owns two and Asia-Pacific Institute of Creativity owns one.
- 3.There are two types of hot air balloons operations, mooring operation and free flight operation. One of 19 registered balloons is certified with mooring operation, the rest 18 are certified for free flight operation.
- 4.Up to 31 Aug. 2018, the readout capability at ASC LAB for the surveyed portable GPS and LWR are both 100%.
III. Findings from statistics related to public aircraft installed with flight recorder and portable GPS:
- There are 18 public aircraft, 8 of them are UH-60M helicopters and equipped with mil-spec flight recorders, thus the proportion of flight recorder installation is 44.4%. In the rest 9 AS365 helicopters and one BEECH-200 aircraft, 5 of them are equipped with portable GPS, thus the proportion of GPS installation is 50.0%.
- ASC has built up the readout capability for mil-spec flight recorder installed on the UH-60M helicopters. Up to 31 Aug. 2018, the capabilities at ASC LAB for the surveyed flight recorder and portable GPS installed on the public aircraft are both 100%.
IV. Findings from FOQA statistics related to civil operators:
As per “Aircraft Flight Operation Regulation - Article 9”, by Taiwan CAA:
From 1 January 2009, an operator shall establish and implement a safety management system acceptable to the CAA which, as a minimum:”.
- Identifies safety hazards;
- Ensures that remedial action necessary to maintain an acceptable level of safety is implemented;
- Provides continuing monitoring （auditing） and regular assessment of the safety level achieved;
- Aims to make continuous improvement to the overall level of safety.
The safety management system as set out in the preceding paragraph shall clearly define lines of safety accountability throughout the operator’s organization, including a direct accountability for safety on the management level, and comply with attachment 1.
An operator of an aircraft of a maximum certificated take-off mass in excess of 27,000 kg shall establish and maintain a flight data analysis programme as part of the safety management system in paragraph 1 above.
The flight data analysis programme as set out in the preceding paragraph shall be non-punitive and contain adequate safeguards to protect the source（s） of the data.
Six national-registered operators have set up monitoring systems for daily operation and total fleet size is 215 aircraft. There are 203 aircraft equipped with QAR, 12 aircraft did not have QAR installed, but have adopted their FDR to FOQA. The proportion of QAR installation is 94.4%. Statistics of FOQA systems using by national-registered operators are listed as table 1.
Table 1 Statistics of FOQA systems of domestic operators
|China Airlines||Aerobytes||Aerobytes FDM||Y||Y|
|EVA Airlines||Aerobytes||Aerobytes FDM||Y||Y|
|Mandarin Airlines||Aerobytes||Aerobytes FDM||Y||Y|
|UNI Air||Aerobytes||Aerobytes FDM||Y|
|Far Eastern Air Transport||Teledyne||